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Nitrofurantoin

A bacteriostatic or bactericidal agent depending on the concentration and susceptibility of the infecting organism. Nitrofurantoin is active against some gram positive organisms such as S. aureus, S. epidermidis, S. saprophyticus, Enterococcus faecalis, S. agalactiae, group D streptococci, viridians streptococci and Corynebacterium. Its spectrum of activity against gram negative organisms includes E. coli, Enterobacter, Neisseria, Salmonella and Shigella. It may be used as an alternative to trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole for treating urinary tract infections though it may be less effective at eradicating vaginal bacteria. May also be used in females as prophylaxis against recurrent cystitis related to coitus. Nitrofurantoin is highly stable to the development of bacterial resistance, a property thought to be due to its multiplicity of mechanisms of action.

Nitrofurantoin exhibits bacteriostatic or bactericidal effects by inhibiting the synthesis of DNA, RNA, protein and cell wall synthesis.

Acute toxicity may cause vomiting. Adverse effects include nausea and urine discolouration. Rare hepatotoxic and hypersensitivity reactions have occurred. Hemolytic anemia is a risk in patients with G6PD deficiency. Ascending polyneuropathy may occur with prolonged therapy or in patients with low creatinine clearance.

Imprints


Drug: Nitrofurantoin
Strength: 100 Mg
Pill Imprint: Macrobid Norwich Eaton
Color: Black & Yellow
Shape: Capsule-shape

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Drug: Nitrofurantoin
Strength: 100 Mg
Pill Imprint: Macrobid 285
Color: Black & Yellow
Shape: Capsule-shape

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Drug: Nitrofurantoin
Strength: 100 Mg
Pill Imprint: MYLAN 3422 MYLAN 3422
Color: Gray / Beige
Shape: Capsule-shape

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Drug: Nitrofurantoin
Strength: 100 Mg
Pill Imprint: E 122
Color: Black & Yellow
Shape: Capsule-shape

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Drug: Nitrofurantoin
Strength: 100 Mg
Pill Imprint: Z Zenith 100 Mg 2131
Color: Pink
Shape: Capsule-shape

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Drug: Nitrofurantoin
Strength: 50 Mg
Pill Imprint: Logo Zenith 50 Mg 2130
Color: Pink & White
Shape: Capsule-shape

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Drug: Nitrofurantoin
Strength: 50 Mg
Pill Imprint: MYLAN 1650 MYLAN 1650
Color: Beige
Shape: Capsule-shape

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Drug: Nitrofurantoin
Strength: 100 Mg
Pill Imprint: Macrobid 52427-285
Color: Black & Yellow
Shape: Capsule-shape

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Drug: Nitrofurantoin
Strength: 100 Mg
Pill Imprint: MYLAN 1700 MYLAN 1700
Color: Gray
Shape: Capsule-shape

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Drug: Nitrofurantoin
Strength: 100 Mg
Pill Imprint: WATSON 3250
Color: Black & Yellow
Shape: Capsule-shape

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Drug: Nitrofurantoin
Strength: 100 Mg
Pill Imprint: RX518 RX518
Color: Black & Yellow
Shape: Capsule-shape

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Drug: Nitrofurantoin
Strength: 100 Mg
Pill Imprint: WATSON 3254
Color: Yellow
Shape: Capsule-shape

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Drug: Nitrofurantoin
Strength: Macrocrystals 50 Mg
Pill Imprint: WATSON 3253
Color: White & Yellow
Shape: Capsule-shape

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Drug: Nitrofurantoin
Strength: 25 Mg
Pill Imprint: GG538
Color: White
Shape: Capsule-shape

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Drug: Nitrofurantoin
Strength: Macrocrystals 50 Mg
Pill Imprint: GG 535 GG 535
Color: White & Yellow
Shape: Capsule-shape

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Drug: Nitrofurantoin
Strength: 50 Mg
Pill Imprint: MACRODANTIN 50 Mg 52427-287
Color: White & Yellow
Shape: Capsule-shape

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Drug: Nitrofurantoin
Strength: 25 Mg
Pill Imprint: WATSON 5779
Color: White
Shape: Capsule-shape

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Drug: Nitrofurantoin
Strength: 50 Mg
Pill Imprint: WATSON 5780
Color: White & Yellow
Shape: Capsule-shape

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Drug: Nitrofurantoin
Strength: 100 Mg
Pill Imprint: WATSON 5781
Color: Yellow
Shape: Capsule-shape

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Drug: Nitrofurantoin
Strength: 100 Mg
Pill Imprint: MACRODANTIN 100 Mg 52427-288
Color: Yellow
Shape: Capsule-shape

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Drug: Nitrofurantoin
Strength: 25 Mg
Pill Imprint: MACRODANTIN 25 Mg 52427-286
Color: White
Shape: Capsule-shape

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Drug: Nitrofurantoin
Strength: 100 Mg
Pill Imprint: WATSON 3658
Color: Black / Gray
Shape: Capsule-shape

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Drug: Nitrofurantoin
Strength: 100 Mg
Pill Imprint: MACRODANTIN 100 Mg 0149 0009
Color: Yellow
Shape: Capsule-shape

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Drug: Nitrofurantoin
Strength: 25 Mg
Pill Imprint: MACRODANTIN 25 Mg 0149 0007
Color: White
Shape: Capsule-shape

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Drug: Nitrofurantoin
Strength: 50 Mg
Pill Imprint: MACRODANTIN 50 Mg 0149 0008
Color: Yellow / White
Shape: Capsule-shape

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Drug: Nitrofurantoin
Strength: 50 Mg
Pill Imprint: MACRODANTIN 50 Mg 52427-287
Color: Yellow & White
Shape: Capsule-shape

View Images & Details

Drug: Nitrofurantoin
Strength: 25 Mg
Pill Imprint: MACRODANTIN 25 Mg 52427-286
Color: White
Shape: Capsule-shape

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Drug: Nitrofurantoin
Strength: 100 Mg
Pill Imprint: MACRODANTIN 100 Mg 52427-288
Color: Yellow
Shape: Capsule-shape

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